March 17, 2019


The Elephantine Papyri. Robert Hutto. Through the nineteenth century and into the beginning of the twentieth, a collection of papyri was found at and around a. The Elephantine papyri are written in Aramaic, the lingua franca of the Persian period from Asia Minor to Arabia and Upper. Egypt. In vocabulary, phraseology. One of the oldest collections of Jewish manuscripts, dating from the fifth century BCE, the Elephantine papyri were written by the Jewish community at.

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Elephantine papyri

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from ” https: Retrieved 3 December Image of document is in gallery below.

Future children, however, would still be born slaves. The renovation of the house and its gradual transfers to family members are the central concerns of the next several documents in Elepjantine family archive.

Elephantine Papyri – Ancient Near East

Yahwehand his wife, Tamut, who was previously an Egyptian slave owned by a Jewish master, Meshullam. The Jews had their own temple to Yahweh [1] evincing polytheistic beliefs, which functioned alongside that of Khnum. It was at this time that scholars finally realized that “Wilbour had rlephantine the first Elephantine papyri”.

They included an Egyptian who held the post of gardener of the Egyptian god Khnum and, elephsntine the other side, two Persian boatmen.


Porten, Bezalel with J. So do you count fou[rteen days of the month of Nisan and] obs[erve the passover ], and from the 15th to the 21st day of [Nisan observe the festival of unleavened bread].

In this case, Ananiah and Tamut already had a young son when the document was drawn up. Drawn up thirty years after the preceding papyrus, this document is one of several that gradually transferred ownership of Ananiah and Tamut’s house to their daughter, Yehoishema, as payment on her dowry.

Brooklyn Museum of Art. In contrast to Jewish documents like this one, contemporaneous Egyptian marriage documents were negotiated between a husband ppyri wife. Your email address will not be published.

A Family Archive from the Nile Valley.

Official excavation of the island commenced inproviding an archaeological context for the fascinating details of daily life revealed in the archives. Canaan and Israel in Antiquity: Though some fragments on papyrus are much older, the largest number of papyri are written in Aramaicthe lingua franca of the Persian Empireand document the Jewish community among soldiers stationed at Elephantine under Persian rule, — BCE. The ‘Passover letter’ of BCE discovered inwhich gives detailed instructions for properly keeping the passover is in the Egyptian Museum of Berlin.

Jewish Life in Ancient Egypt: There is leephantine from excavations that the rebuilding and enlargement of the Khnum temple under Nectanebo II — took the place of the former temple of YHWH.


For seven days it shall not be seen among you.

Elephantine Papyri

The papyri suggest that, “Even in exile and beyond, the veneration of a female deity endured. Be ritually clean and take heed. Sachau, 6; Ungnad, 6; Cowley, It was rare for a slave to be freed. The Elephantine Papyri in English: To] my brethren Yedoniah and the Jewish garrison, your pqpyri Hanani[ah]. And though a slave could marry a free person, their children usually belonged to the master.

After lying in a warehouse for more than 50 years, the papyrj were shipped to the Egyptian Department of the Brooklyn Museum.

Elephantine papyri – Wikipedia

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Emergent Monotheism in Israel. Booklyn Museum of Art. A very defective strip of papyrus with writing on both sides.

A multicultural couple marries, buys a house, raises kids. During the Persian Period in Egypt, it was not uncommon to sell children, or even oneself, into slavery to pay debts. The boundary description included here refers to the Temple of Yahou in Eldphantine, now rebuilt eight years after its destruction in BCE during a civil war conflict that arose out of a land dispute.