November 29, 2018


21 May Ibn Haldun Mukaddime 1. Identifier IbnHaldunMukaddime1_ Identifier- ark ark://t3pw1x78b. Ocr ABBYY FineReader İBN HALDUN, Mukaddime. Çeviren ZAKIR KADIRI UGAN. — Istanbul , (Dünya edebiyatından tercümeler, Șark-Islam klasikleri: 25). No metrics data to. Tel: Mail: [email protected] İbn Haldun Üniversitesi. /ibnhalduni. Sosyal bilimler alanında eğitim veren uluslararası bir araştırma üniversitesi.

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Introducing his own biography by explaining the historical fate of his family is a remarkable indicator of how sharply his mind worked.

Where we were born, what language we speak, environment we live in and receive education are all results of our family history and sociology.


Of course, our inferiority complex against the political and military supremacy of the West had its share on this easy conviction. Let everything aside, if rational sciences were abandoned in the 11 th century, how could the late Muslims rule the world and keep it that way for the next years, like? At the end of his education, he began to work as a clerk.

We encounter the first complaints regarding the subject around the 17 th century but it was substantially pervaded in the 20 th century. Popular mindset tells us that after a certain breaking point religious sciences started to become superior over rational sciences and at the same time, Muslims stopped thinking and started repeating themselves.

His family is a well-known Andalusian family, immigrated to North Africa, Tunisia at the end of the 12 th century. He attempts to analyze this in his famous Mukaddime Introduction through methodological history, which he named it science of prosperity. This is a critical situation, which will force us to question the validity of the opposition between rational sciences and religious sciences.


It has been said that his ideas were not rewarded at Andalusia and North Africa, which are the subjects of his work.


Especially the outlooks from Turkey are very weak. From place to place, it was seen that kadis took important parts in administering the cities. For Islamic societies, kadis played the role of independent judges, and exercised important missions on behalf of education and bureaucracy.

About Us Copyright Page Contact. When we take a close look at the books that he had to read one can immediately notice the high advancement of the 14 th century Maghrebi in Islamic sciences.

How do the civilizations exist and then become extinct? Countries are conquered by battles, that is true mukadfime they are ruled by intelligence and wisdom. This is an understandable matter.

His writings become our major guidance when it comes to talk about him: Because when he wrote his Mukaddime domination and centralization were moving to Ottoman lands, in other words to Anatolia.

Orientalists played a very important role on this allegation to become widespread. It is the time to abandon this fantasy and start reading him ourselves from his own words. However, not many look at him within the perspective of his own work.

Ibn Haldun Mukaddime 1

There is a popular division in the history of Islamic sciences as rational sciences and religious sciences. Orientalism, which removed him from his well-known scholar of Islam and bureaucrat identity, disguised him as far from modern Western way of thinking. Although, the traces of his observations acquired during his visits to North Africa and Andalusia as kadi are significant in his historical methodology. When we mention kadiit should not be taken as one of our modern day judges, who only adjudicate at lawsuits.

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They try to trick us into believing that he was not the continuation of the rational and religious science masters before him, he was a pioneer of the Western sciences, who came ahead of time.

In other words, before everything else he was a grand master and a major practitioner of religious sciences. When we look back at the history of Islamic sciences, we realize almost immediately that the idea of us abandoning the rational sciences is a rotten suggestion. Say that tafsir, fiqh and hadith are the religious sciences; math, astronomy, geography and so forth are rational sciences.

Orientalism fanatics intend to introduce him to us as the only star, who just appeared all of a sudden hladun the 14 th century and his wisdom was self inflicted. The following two centuries witnessed the Ottomans shine upon the Muslim countries and Europe.

ANA SAYFA – İbn Haldun Üniversitesi

These are certainly substantial matters. Subsequently he became kadi.

If he had spent all of his life in only one city he would not have this much knowledge and experience of prosperity. However, it is the truth that there was an Orientalistic interference. His wisdom started to make an impact only after Ottomans were in a depression and this was natural. His work speaks for itself as well as his personality, method of science and biography.